What Are Soil Microbes?
Soil microbes are tiny organisms that live in the soil. There are more microbes in a teaspoon of soil than there are people on the earth. They play a crucial role in maintaining the health of the soil by breaking down organic matter and releasing nutrients that plants need to grow. This process, called decomposition, helps to enrich the soil and keep it healthy. Decomposition of organic matter is largely a biological process that occurs naturally. Its speed is determined by three major factors: soil organisms, the physical environment and the quality of the organic matter. In addition to decomposition, soil microbes also help to control pests and diseases, and they play a role in the water cycle by helping to retain moisture in the soil. Soil microbes are an essential part of the ecosystem and play a vital role in supporting plant growth.
One way to use soil microbes is to add compost or other organic matter to your soil. This will provide a source of food for the microbes, allowing them to thrive and do their important work of breaking down organic matter and releasing nutrients into the soil. They rely on carbon sources for energy to thrive. You can also use compost tea, which is made by steeping compost in water, as a fertilizer for your plants. This will introduce more microbes into the soil and help to boost the population of beneficial microbes.
Additionally, avoiding the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers can help to support the growth of soil microbes, as these products can be harmful to these tiny organisms. Instead, try using natural pest control methods and organic fertilizers to support the growth of healthy soil microbes.